Witness Creativity! And Visit These Extraordinary Places for Yourself!
An artist in the studio is a powerful thing. Feast your eyes on this incredible collection of artists in their studios sponsored by Historic Artists’ Homes and Studios, a Program of the National Trust for Historic Preservation.
Imagine visiting the most intimate interiors of 125 artists – from famed Georgia O’Keeffe in her New Mexico compound to Andrew Wyeth to Winslow Homer in his coastal Maine studio to artists you’ve yet to discover from all four corners of the world! Enjoy this eclectic and truly global mix of artists and their studios, organized geographically starting with the artist of North America, and take note of how you can visit for yourself all these extraordinary studios and workplaces where artists lived and created!
NORTH AMERICAN ARTISTS and STUDIOS
Albin Polasek (1879-1965)
Albin Polasek was a Czech-American sculptor and educator. In 1909, Polasek became an American citizen; in 1910, he won the Rome Prize competition in 1913 and received honorable mention at the Paris Salon for The Sower in 1915. He created more than four hundred works during his career.
Image: Polasek working on a small sculpture in his Winter Park studio, c. 1964. Courtesy of Albin Polasek Archives, Winter Park, FL.
Alice Austen (1866-1952)
Alice Austen was one of America’s earliest and most notable female photographers. Her work of over 1,000 photographs captures her friends and family and life in her proximity.
Image: As a photographer of contemporary urban life, the entire world was Alice’s studio. Courtesy of Alice Austen House Museum, Staten Island, NY.
Allan Houser (1914-1994)
Allan Capron Houser or “Haozous” was a Chiricahua Apache sculptor, painter and book illustrator born in Oklahoma. He was one of the most renowned Native American painters and Modernist sculptors of the 20th century.
Image: Allan Houser as artist-in-residence at Dartmouth College in 1979. Photo by Matthew Wysocki. Courtesy of Allan Houser Inc.
Andre Smith (1880-1959)
Andre Smith was a war artist for the United States Army during World War I. He was born in Hong Kong and lived a few years in Hamburg, Germany before eventually settling in New York, where he attended college and received both an undergraduate and graduate degree in architecture.
Image: Andre Smith, courtesy of Winter Park Magazine.
Andrew Wyeth (1917-2009)
Andrew Wyeth was a realist painter, working predominantly in a regionalist style. He was one of the best-known U.S. artists of the middle 20th century.
Image: Andrew Wyeth in the studio, c. 1932, photographer unknown. Courtesy of Wyeth Family Archives, © Andrew Wyeth.
Henriette Wyeth (1907–1997)
Henriette Wyeth, daughter of N. C. Wyeth, moved into her own studio in Chadds Ford in 1927, a converted school house which would later serve as Andrew Wyeth’s studio. She painted portraits, still lifes and fantasies, managing the roles of artist, wife (of artist Peter Hurd), and mother.
Image: Henriette Wyeth in her Chadds Ford studio, ca. 1935. Photographer unknown, N. C. Wyeth Collections, Walter and Leonore Annenberg Research Center, Brandywine River Museum of Art.
Ann Weaver Norton (1905 -1982)
Ann Weaver Norton was a sculptor and author of children’s books. Norton was known for her megalithic sculptures (vertical constructions of brick, stone or wood), many of which are displayed at the Ann Norton Sculpture Gardens on the grounds of her former home in West Palm Beach.
Image: Courtesy of Ann Norton Sculpture Garden.
Alexander Archipenko (1887-1964)
Alexander Archipenko was a Ukrainian-born avant-garde sculptor. In 1929 he gained US citizenship and in 1933 his work was exhibited at the Ukrainian pavilion in Chicago as part of the Century of Progress World’s Fair.
Image: Alexander Archipenko working on Onward in his Bearsville studio, c. 1947. Courtesy of the Alexander Archipenko Foundation.
Arthur Dove (1880-1946) and Helen Torr (1886-1967)
Arthur Dove was an early American Modernist and is often considered the first American to utilize non-representational imagery in his artwork. In 1912, Dove’s first one-person show was held at Alfred Stieglitz’s gallery at 291 Fifth Street, NY, securing his place in the artistic avant-garde.
Helen Torr was an early American Modernist painter who worked alongside other artists, namely her husband Arthur Dove and friend Georgia O’Keeffe, to develop a definitively American style of modernism in the 1920s.
This image depicts the couple on the porch of the Long Island home and studio, now open to visitors. There are no know photographs of either Arthur Dove or Helen Torr working in their Centerport studio.
Image: Courtesy of Dove/Torr Cottage, Heckscher Museum of Art, Huntington, NY.
Beatrice Wood (1893-1998)
Beatrice Wood was a studio potter involved in the Avant Garde movement in the United States. She founded The Blind Man magazine in New York City with French artist Marcel Duchamp and writer Henri-Pierre Roché in 1917.
Image: Portrait of Beatrice Wood in her Ojai studio, 1983. Collection Jim McHugh Artist Archives.
Charles E. Burchfield (1893-1967)
Charles Ephraim Burchfield was a visionary watercolorist, known for his passionate depictions of nature scenes and townscapes, particularly in his hometown. He is most associated with the Regionalist painters such as Grant Wood and Thomas Hart Benton, and his work is featured in dozens of museums across the country.
Image: Courtesy of Burchfield Penney Art Center, Buffalo, NY.
Elmer MacRae (1875-1953)
Elmer MacRae was a prominent American Impressionist who worked mainly with pastels and sketch materials. He is recognized as one of the leading members of the Cos Cob Art Colony in Greenwich, CT, establishing with his wife, a boarding house and studio spaces for artists and writers of the era.
In addition to MacRae, this site hosted many artists from the Cos Cob Art Colony including Frederick Childe Hassam (1859- 1935), Theodore Robinson (1852- 1896), John Henry Twachtman (1853- d 1902) and Julian Alden Weir (1852- d 1919).
Image: Elmer MacRae. Courtesy of Bush-Holley Historic Site, Cos Cob, CT.
Frida Kahlo (1907-1954)
Frida Kahlo de Rivera was one of Mexico’s most well-known painters. She produced many portraits, self-portraits, and works inspired by the nature and artifacts of Mexico. Self Portrait with Hummingbird and Thorn Necklace is one of her most widely-known pieces, which she painted in 1940.
Image: Frida Kahlo in her studio, painting Portrait of My Father. Photograph published in Frida Kahlo: The Gisèle Freund Photographs (Abrams, Inc).
Diego Rivera (1886-1957)
Diego María de la Concepción Juan Nepomuceno Estanislao de la Rivera y Barrientos Acosta y Rodríguez, known as Diego Rivera was a prominent painter in Mexico. He was the creator of some of Mexico’s most impactful murals and went on to create equally impressive large-scale works of art in the United States.
Image: Diego Rivera in his studio, 1951. Photograph published in Frida Kahlo: The Gisèle Freund Photographs (Abrams, Inc.).
Daniel Chester French (1850-1931)
Daniel Chester French was an eminent sculptor who is most famously known for creating the seated figure of Abraham Lincoln in the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, DC. His early work, such as the Minute Man statue in Concord, MA, is also credited as being some of the most distinguishable sculpture work in America.
Image: French at work on the Spencer Trask Memorial, at Chesterwood. Courtesy of the Chapin Library, Williams College, Gift of the National Trust for Historic Preservation/Chesterwood, A National Trust Historic Site, Stockbridge, Massachusetts.
Margaret French Cresson (1889-1973)
Margaret French Cresson was an American sculptor and daughter of sculptor Daniel Chester French. She studied under Abastenia St. Leger Eberle and George Demetrius, focusing her art on marble busts and portrait heads. In 1968, she secured her father’s legacy by donating the site to the National Trust, for which Chesterwood celebrates its fiftieth anniversary in 2018.
Image: Margaret French Cresson standing beside a bust of Nathalie Osborn. Photographed by Peter A. Juley & Son; Smithsonian American Art Museum, Photograph Archives.
Charles Marion Russell (1864-1926)
Charles Marion Russell, also known as C.M. Russell, created more than 2,000 paintings of cowboys, Indians, and landscapes set in the Western United States and in Alberta, Canada. Russell was also an accomplished sculptor and published author.
Image: Charles Russell working on the painting Whose Meat?, in his studio in 1914. Courtesy of C.M. Russell Museum, Great Falls, Montana, gift of Richard Flood II.
Paolo Soleri (1919-2013)
Paolo Soleri was an Italian architect and artistic designer. He established the educational Cosanti Foundation and Arcosanti. Soleri was a lecturer in the College of Architecture at Arizona State University and a National Design Award recipient in 2006.
Image: Paolo Soleri at work on finishing cast bells. © Cosanti Foundation.
Joseph Henry Sharp (1859-1953)
Joseph Henry Sharp was a painter and a founding member of the Taos Society of Artists, of which he was considered the “Spiritual Father.”
Image: Courtesy of Couse-Sharp Historic Site, Taos, NM.
Eanger Irving Couse (1866-1936)
Eanger Irving Couse was an additional founding member of the Taos Society of Artists and its first president. He is noted for paintings of Native Americans, New Mexico, and the American Southwest.
Image: Courtesy of Couse-Sharp Historic Site, Taos, NM.
Eero Saarinen (1910-1961)
Eero Saarinen was a Finnish-born architect and industrial designer noted for his neo-futuristic style. Saarinen is known for designing the Tulip Chair and many other important furniture pieces that would lead the way in modern design. He briefly taught at the Cranbrook School in Michigan and eventually designed parts of the campus alongside his father Eliel Saarinen and mother Loja.
Image: Eero Saarinen sitting in an example of the Womb Chair he designed. Courtesy of Manuscripts & Archives, Yale University Library.
Loja Saarinen (1879-1968)
Loja Saarinen was a Finnish-American textile artist and sculptor who founded the weaving department at the Cranbrook Academy of Art in Michigan. She additionally designed and produced the textiles for the Saarinen residence at Cranbrook.
Image: Loja Saarinen sets the table for guests, Saarinen House, 1935-1940. Courtesy of Cranbrook Archives.
Hvittrask, the Finnish home and studio designed and used by Eliel Saarinen (husband to Loja and father to Eero), is also open as a public museum.
David Ireland (1930-2009)
David Ireland was a sculptor, conceptual artist, and Minimalist architect. Ireland is best known for creating site-specific installation art pieces, most notably, at his former residence located at 500 Capp Street. Ireland transformed this 1886 Italianate-style home in the Mission District of San Francisco into a holistic artwork, widely considered the centerpiece of his career.
Image: Archival photo, David Ireland with dumball. Photograph by Elisa Cicinelli. Courtesy of 500 Capp Street Foundation.
Charles Demuth (1883- 1935)
Charles Demuth was a watercolorist from Pennsylvania who worked mainly with the abstraction of flowers, fruits and vegetables. He is credited for developing a style of painting known as “Precisionism,” which was a contributing movement associated with early American Modernism.
There are no known images of Demuth painting in his Lancaster studio.
Image: Charles Demuth, Self Portrait, 1907, oil on canvas, 26 1/16 x 18 in., The Demuth Museum Collection, gift of Margaret Lestz. Image courtesy the Demuth Museum, Lancaster, PA.
Charles Eames (1907-1978) and Ray Eames (1912–1988)
Ray and Charles Eames were creative partners and a married couple who made significant historical contributions to the development of modern architecture and furniture. Among their most well-known designs is the Eames Lounge Chair. They also worked in the fields of industrial and graphic design, fine art, and film.
Image: The couple with a panel of work made for the American Institute of Architects, 1957. © Eames Office LLC.
Louise Bourgeois (1911-2010)
Louise Bourgeois was a French-American artist best known for her large-scale sculpture and installation art. Bourgeois was also a prolific painter and printmaker. She immigrated to the United States in 1938 after studying for many years at the Sorbonne in Paris.
Image: Louise Bourgeois in her home studio in 1974. Photograph by Mark Setteducati, © The Easton Foundation.
Edward Gorey (1925-2000)
Edward Gorey was a renowned illustrator of dark and comedic children’s books. His unique drawing style and poetic writing still evoke a certain melancholy lightheartedness that goes unmatched to this day.
Image: Edward Gorey, 1976. Photograph by Jill Krementz. Courtesy of New York Social Diary.
Edward Hopper (1882-1967)
Edward Hopper was a prominent realist painter most popularly known for his oil paintings, but he was equally proficient as a watercolorist and printmaker in etching. The painting Nighthawks, which depicts customers through a window of New York City diner, is notably Hopper’s most famous work.
No photos exist of Hopper painting in his earliest studio, located in the Nyack home of his parents, which is now open as a museum. This yearbook photo depicts a young Edward Hopper in 1899.
Image: Courtesy of Arthayer R. Sanborn Hopper Collection Trust through the Edward Hopper House Museum and Study Center.
Edward V. Valentine (1838-1930)
Edward Virginius Valentine was a sculptor born in Richmond, Virginia. His work, which predominantly focused on American politicians and military leaders, included subjects such as Thomas Jefferson, Stonewall Jackson and Robert E. Lee.
Image: Edward Valentine modelling Blind Girl in his studio in 1889. Courtesy of The Valentine, Richmond, VA.
E.L. Blumenschein (1874-1960)
Ernest Leonard Blumenschein was a painter and founder of the Taos Society of Artists. He is well known for his vivid depictions of Native Americans and the American Southwest.
Image: Blumenschein in his Taos studio. Courtesy of Robert L. Parsons Fine Art.
Elisabet Ney (1833-1907)
Franzisca Bernadina Wilhelmina Elisabeth Ney was a celebrated German-American sculptor who spent the first half of her life and career in Europe, and at age 39 immigrated to Texas. Among her most famous works during her period in the United States were life-size marble figures of Sam Houston and Stephen F. Austin.
Image: Elisabet Ney working on the clay bust of William Jennings Bryan at her Austin studio, Formosa, in 1900. PF-Gen C-15, courtesy of Elisabet Ney Museum, Austin, Texas.
Matilda Browne (later Van Wyck) (1869- 1947), William Chadwick (1879- 1962), Frank Vincent DuMond (1865-1951), Frederick Childe Hassam (1859- d 1935), Willard Leroy Metcalf (1858- 1925) and Henry Ward Ranger (1858-1916)
Between 1899 and the 1930s, more than 135 American artists boarded in the Florence Griswold House, painted in studios on its grounds and en plein air within its landscape on the banks on the Connecticut River – including Matilda Browne (later Van Wyck) (1869- 1947), William Chadwick, (1879- 1962), Frank Vincent DuMond (1865-1951), Frederick Childe Hassam (1859- d 1935), Willard Leroy Metcalf (1858- 1925) and Henry Ward Ranger (1858-1916).
Image: Artists with Old Lyme Art Colony studios on the front porch of the Florence Griswold House, c. 1902. Left to right – unknown, Frank Vincent DuMond; Gifford Beal (exhaling smoke); Clark Voorhees (pipe); Harry Hoffman (back to white column); Arthur Heming (fingers interlaced); Will Howe Foote (on lower step petting dog). Credit: Florence Griswold Museum
Suzy Frelinghuysen (1911-1988)
Suzy Frelinghuysen was a famed opera singer and well known modernist painter who worked alongside husband George Morris. She is best-known for still life, collage works influenced by European Cubist artists such as Georges Braque and Juan Gris. Frelinghuysen laid the plans to preserve their International-style home and studio in Lenox, MA.
Image: Courtesy of Frelinghuysen Morris House & Studio, Lenox, MA.
George L.K. Morris (1905-1975)
George L. K. Morris was a prolific artist and renowned art critic in the early 20th century and a founding member of American Abstract Artists. His media includes oil, acrylic, watercolor and fresco, and also included sculptural pieces. He, along with his wife Suzy Frelinghuysen, were at the forefront of the Cubist art movement in the United State.
Image: Courtesy of Frelinghuysen Morris House & Studio, Lenox, MA.
Julius Garibaldi Melchers (1860-1932)
Julius Garibaldi Melchers was a painter and muralist, and one of the leading proponents of the “Naturalism Movement.” His panels titled Peace and War were commissioned for the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago of 1893, and in 1921 Melchers completed a set of three murals for the Detroit Public Library depicting the history of Detroit.
Image: Gari Melchers, ca. 1900. Photograph by Frank Scott Clark, Collection Macbeth Gallery records, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
George Nakashima (1905-1990)
George Nakashima was a woodworker, architect, furniture maker, one of the leading creators of 20th century furniture, and a father of the American Arts and Crafts movement. In 1983, he accepted the Order of the Sacred Treasure, an honor bestowed by the Emperor of Japan and the Japanese government.
Image: George Nakashima bending wood. Courtesy of George Nakashima Woodworkers.
Georgia O’Keeffe (1887-1986)
Georgia O’Keeffe, commonly recognized as the “Mother of American Modernism,” was best known for her paintings of enlarged flowers, New York skyscrapers, and New Mexico landscapes inspired by her compound at Abiquiu.
Image: Laura Gilpin (1891-1979), Georgia O’Keeffe, 1953, Gelatin silver print, Collection Amon Carter Museum of American Art, Bequest of the artist, P1979.130.6 © 1979 Amon Carter Museum of American Art, Fort Worth, TX.
Grace Hudson (1865-1937)
Grace Carpenter Hudson was a nationally known painter. During her lifetime she was revered for a numbered series of more than 684 portraits of the local Pomo Indians.
Image: Grace Hudson painting in her first Ukiah studio amid her collection of Pomo objects in 1895. This photograph was taken by Grace Hudson’s father, A. O. Carpenter. Courtesy of Grace Hudson Museum Collection.
Grant Wood (1891-1942)
Grant Wood was best known for his paintings depicting the rural American Midwest, particularly American Gothic, which has become an iconic painting of the 20th century. He is best known as a Regionalist artist alongside painters such as Thomas Hart Benton and Charles Burchfield.
Image: Courtesy of Cedar Rapids Museum of Art, Cedar Rapids, IA.
Henry Hamilton Bennett (1843-1908)
Henry Hamilton Bennett was a photographer in Wisconsin in the late 19th century. With advancements in technology and a love for the outdoors, he used his photography to publicize the Wisconsin Dells, a city in southern Wisconsin, near the Wisconsin River and noted for its picturesque glacier-carved sandstone formations.
Image: Studio portrait of H.H. Bennett with wet plate outfit. Courtesy of Wisconsin Historical Society.
James Castle (1899-1977)
James Castle was an artist who, despite being born entirely deaf, painted and sculpted beautiful works of art based on his immediate environment. His depictions of family and friends, daily life, gardens, and landscapes paralleled the work of his contemporaries. He is best known for his poetic images created using only soot, and his own saliva as painting medium.
Image: James Castle standing near his home and studio in Boise, Idaho. Collection James Castle Collection and Archive, © James Castle Collection and Archive, L.P. Boise, ID.
John F. Peto (1854-1907)
John Frederick Peto was a master of the trompe l’oeil style of painting. His renderings of everyday objects such as pistols, horseshoes, bits of paper, keys and books were brought to life in impressive realism oncanvas.
Image: John F. Peto took this photograph of himself at work surrounded by canvases and objects that he collected and included in his paintings. Collection John F. Peto Studio Museum.
Jonathan Fisher (1768-1847)
Jonathan Fisher was an Irish painter born in Dublin. He is first mentioned in historic accounts in 1763 when he was awarded a premium by the Dublin Society for a landscape artwork. He is best known for his fine engravings and aquatints of Irish scenery.
Image: Jonathan Fisher, self-portrait, (detail) 1824. Courtesy of Jonathan Fisher House. No known photos of the artist exist as he was active prior to the use of photography.
Donald Judd (1928-1994)
Donald Judd is an American artist who began work as a painter and progressed to work with sculpture, furniture, architecture and design in New York. His unique, simplistic style and geometric design has led to him become known as one of the most influential forces in the minimalism movement. To further his exploration of large-sale art installation he established his artistic compound in Marfa, Texas.
Image: 101 Spring Street, New York, 1st Floor, 1974. Donald Judd is seated on the desk, surrounded by his students in the Whitney Museum Independent Study Program seminar. On Judd’s left is Ron Clark and on his right is Julian Schnabel. Photo: Courtesy of Judd Foundation Archives, Image © Barbara Quinn.
William Lees Judson (1861-1957)
William Lees Judson was the founder of Judson Studios that specializes in stained glass work. The studio is still operational to this day and is one of the leading producers of stained glass in the country.
Image: William Lees Judson. Courtesy of Judson Studios.
Vance Kirkland (1904-1981)
Vance Kirkland was a painter and educator in Denver, Colorado. His powerful paintings range from realist and impressionist, to surrealist. In his studio he created a special harness to allow himself to paint suspended over his canvas.
Image: Vance Kirkland, April 1981, in his painting studio in Denver, Colorado, now preserved as part of Kirkland Museum of Fine & Decorative Art. Courtesy of Kirkland Museum of Fine & Decorative Art, Denver, CO.
Russel Wright (1904-1976)
Russel Wright is well known for being an immensely successful industrial and commercial designer including the design of the ever-popular tableware line known as Fiestaware. His unique and distinctive works helped make modern design available to the public. He designed his Manitoga estate buildings at a former rock quarry, creating an integration of nature and design.
Image: Wright in his studio at Manitoga. Courtesy of Manitoga/The Russel Wright Design Center, Garrison, NY.
Paul Howard Manship (1885-1966)
Paul Manship was one of the most famous American artists of the first half of the 20th century. Considered the pioneer of American Art Deco, Manship returned from his fellowship at the American Academy in Rome to become one of the most sought-after artists in the US, defining American sculpture for over two decades.
Image: Paul Manship, Collection Smithsonian Museum of American Art, Washington, D.C.
Clementine Hunter (1887-1988)
Clementine Hunter was a self-taught black folk artist from the Cane River region of Louisiana. She lived and worked on Melrose Plantation. Her works depict the narratives of everyday life in and around her home. A series of her murals remains intact and in situ in the African House at Melrose Plantation.
Image: Courtesy of Melrose Plantation Historic Home, Natchitoches, LA.
Henry Mercer (1856-1930)
Henry Mercer was an archaeologist, artifact collector, and tile-maker. He is well known for his research and books about ancient tool-making, his ceramic tile creations, and his experimental engineering and architecture. His work as a designer can be seen in three distinctive poured concrete structures: Fonthill, his home; the Moravian Pottery and Tile Works; and the Mercer Museum.
No known image of Mercer in his tile studio exists, but his dogs are widely mentioned as part of his life.
Image: Mercer and his beloved dog, Rollo. Courtesy of Mercer Museum & Library.
Milton Resnick (1917-2004)
Milton Resnick was noted for abstract paintings that coupled scale with density of incident. It was not uncommon for some of his largest paintings to weigh in excess of three hundred pounds, almost all of it pigment. His last studio space was a rehabilitated synagogue in New York, now open to the public.
Image: Milton Resnick working on a student’s painting at the New York Studio School, ca. 1968. Courtesy of New York Studio School.
Jasper Cropsey (1823-1900)
Jasper Francis Cropsey was an important 19th-century landscape artist and a member of the Hudson River School. Cropsey began his career as an architect but later turned to painting to capture the beauty and power of nature and the natural landscape. His most famous painting, of Northeastern autumn foliage, was a sensation when exhibited in London.
Image: Jasper F. Cropsey, portrait in oil by Edward Mooney, ca. 1850. Courtesy of Newington Cropsey Museum, Hastings, NY.
N. C. Wyeth (1882-1945)
Newell Convers Wyeth, known as N. C. Wyeth, was an American artist and illustrator. He was the pupil of artist Howard Pyle and became one of America’s greatest illustrators. Wyeth’s works graced the pages of literary classics such as Treasure Island and Last of the Mohicans.
Image: N.C. Wyeth in his Chadds Ford, PA, studio at work on The Elizabethan Galleons, mural for the First National Bank of Boston, c. 1924. Photograph by Chester H. Thomas. Courtesy of Wyeth Family Archives and the Brandywine River Museum, Chadds Ford, PA.
Carolyn Wyeth (1909-1994)
Carolyn Wyeth, daughter of N.C. Wyeth, was known for her bold compositions and singular vision. Beginning in the late 1940s, she taught art in N. C. Wyeth’s studio for several decades and she was her nephew Jamie Wyeth’s first teacher.
Image: Carolyn Wyeth in her Chadds Ford studio, ca. 1935, photographer unknown. Courtesy of N. C. Wyeth Collections, Walter and Leonore Annenberg Research Center, Brandywine River Museum of Art, Chadds Ford, PA.
Nicolai Fechin (1881-1955)
Nicolai Fechin was a Russian-born painter who, in 1927, settled in Taos, New Mexico, where he became fascinated by the local people and the landscape. He subsequently became part of the emerging art culture in Taos and there created exquisite studies of local Native American peoples.
Image: Photograph of Russian artist, Nicolai Fechin. Courtesy of Art of Russia Gallery, Santa Fe, NM.
Norman Rockwell (1894-1978)
Norman Rockwell was a prolific painter in the mid-20th century known primarily for his depictions of daily New England life. Rockwell was able to bring his subjects to life with a realistic style of painting coupled with his ability to capture peoples’ expressive characteristics. He is well known for his reoccurring work on the covers of the Saturday Evening Post.
Image: Norman Rockwell working on First Trip to the Beauty Parlor with dog Pitter in his Stockbridge studio, 1972. Photograph by Bill Scovill, Collection Norman Rockwell Museum, © NRELC: Niles, IL.
Frederic E. Church (1826-1900)
Frederic Edwin Church was a prolific American painter in the late 19th century. His inspiring work generally depicts the Hudson Valley in New York, as he was a central figure in the Hudson River School. His exploratory travels to the Middle East directly influenced the design of his Catskill Mountain home that possesses a distinct flare of Moorish architecture.
There are no known photos of Church painting in any of his studios. Artist and explorer that Church was, it seems fitting to show him poised for one of the adventurers that influenced the design of his Persian-inspired home at Olana.
Directly across the Hudson River from Olana is the home and studio of Church’s teacher Thomas Cole, progenitor of the Hudson River School. This site is also open to the public.
Image: Attributed to Felix Bonfils, Frederic Edwin Church and his son, Frederic Joseph in Beirut, 1868, cart-de-visite, 4 7/8 x 3 3/8 in., OL.1984.446. Collection Olana State Historic Site, NYS Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation.
Mary Chase Perry Stratton (1867-1961)
Mary Chase Perry Stratton was a ceramic artist and co-founder, along with Horace James Caulkins, of Pewabic Pottery. Under her leadership, Pewabic Pottery produced architectural tiles, lamps and vessels.
The studio became nationally acclaimed for its iridescent glazes, and the tiles produced there were used in churches, libraries, schools, and public buildings — including those designed by McKim, Mead & White, and Eliel Saarinen.
Image: Pewabic co-founder Mary Chase Perry Stratton works on a vase in her studio. Courtesy of Pewabic.
Philip Simmons (1912-2009)
Philip Simmons was an artisan and blacksmith specializing in the craft of decorative ironwork. Simmons spent 78 years as a blacksmith and many of the exquisite gates he created can still can be found in Charleston.
Image: Philip Simmons in his workshop. Courtesy of NEA.gov.
Jackson Pollock (1912-1956)
Paul Jackson Pollock was an admired painter and a major figure in the Abstract Expressionist movement. He was well known for his unique style of drip painting.
Image: Jackson Pollock at work on Alchemy, 1969. Photograph by Herbert Matter. Courtesy of Pollock-Krasner House and Study Center, East Hampton, NY.
Lee Krasner (1908-1984)
Lenore “Lee” Krasner was an abstract expressionist painter in the second half of the 20th century. She is one of the few female artists to have had a retrospective show at the Museum of Modern Art.
Image: Lee Krasner at work on Portrait in Green, 1969. Photograph by Mark Patiky. Courtesy of Pollock-Krasner House and Study Center, East Hampton, NY.
Randall Davey (1887-1964)
Born in East Orange, New Jersey, Randall Davey exhibited work alongside such artists as George Bellows and Stuart Davis. He traveled extensively with painter Robert Henri and eventually became Henri’s assistant instructor. Later in his career, he became a prominent member of the Santa Fe art community.
While Davey maintained a home in Santa Fe until his death, he took several prestigious teaching positions across the country, including at the Broadmoor Art Academy and the Chicago Institute of Art.
Image: Randall Davey, 1947. Photo by Laura Gilpin, gelatin silver print. Collection Amon Carter Museum of America Art, bequest of the artist, © 1979 Amon Carter Museum, Fort Worth, TX.
Content sponsored by Historic Artists’ Homes and Studios, a program of the National Trust for Historic Preservation. Historic Artists’ Homes and Studios is a coalition of 40 independently operated museums throughout the country, that were all the homes and studios of American artists. Each site in the network is dedicated to preserving and interpreting the places where art was made, and securing this vital national cultural legacy for future generations. Chesterwood (a site of the National Trust in Stockbridge, MA), the preserved home and studio of Daniel Chester French, the sculptor of the Lincoln Memorial, serves as the home base for the Historic Artists’ Homes and Studios program. This program is generously supported by the Wyeth Foundation for American Art, and the Henry Luce Foundation. We are pleased to also include in this story some of our international colleagues from the Artist’s Studio Museum Network, based in the UK. All these preserved sites, whether in the US or abroad, represent the essence of creative spirit and the power of place. We hope you will visit many, and often!
Article content and accompanying images prepared by Valerie Balint and Dorian Sanders, both representing HAHS.