How to Find Your Artist Ancestors

Who Inspires You?

As artists, we almost have this innate attraction to our craft, to our need to create. And, we all have something or someone that has fueled this passion. For many artists, the works of others steer the way they approach their own art. Annie O’Brien Gonzales, author of Bold, Expressive Painting refers to these influencers as our Artist Ancestors.

Artist at Canvas | Art Inspiration | Getting Ready to Paint | Artist Inspiration | Artist Life | Getty Images | Artists Network

Below is an excerpt from Gonzales’ new book, The Joy of Acrylic Painting. In this inside look, she shares how to learn from your Artist Ancestors and also walks us through a fun, step-by-step demonstration inspired by one of her own artist influencers, Henri Matisse. Enjoy!

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Learning from your artistic ancestors is great. But learning from the best contemporary art instructors in the field of fine art today is the opportunity of a lifetime if you want to develop your passion for painting and drawing. Come join us on Artists Network TV!

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Finding Your Artist Ancestors

Every artist has individual tastes in artists they find inspirational. For example, the works of three very different artists — David Hockney, Henri Matisse and Georgia O’Keeffe — make my heart race for very different reasons. There are many others, even renowned artists, who leave me absolutely cold. I’m sure you are the same.

Artists who resonate with us are what I call our Artist Ancestors. I believe it’s useful in our development as artists to think about why. Most of us know intuitively which artists they are when we see their work. Pay attention to that signal so you can take the next step.

To learn from the work of an Artist Ancestor you love, apply the analytical part of your brain to analyze what it is that makes his or her work so appealing and whether you can apply that to your own work. When you combine elements from your Artist Ancestors with your own interpretation, you are creating your own painting style.

From Inspiration to Canvas

Henri Matisse Inspiration | Artist Ancestors | Art Inspiration | Acrylic Painting | Annie O'Brien Gonzales | Artists Network
Henri’s Window by Annie O’Brien Gonzales, acrylic on canvas

All artists are an amalgam of inspiration from other artists and innovations of their own. Once you have analyzed the elements that you want to incorporate in your own work, you can move from imitation to innovation using those elements.

Study your Artist Ancestors, learn from them and take away ideas to incorporate into your work. How can you include some of their ideas in your own work? And what about copying? Is it a bad thing? It is a fact that all artists through time have learned from other artists. The trick is to take what you learn and make it your own.

If you have an art sketchbook, brainstorm a list of three to five artists who consistently attract your attention. For each Artist Ancestor, create a full page in your sketchbook with the artist’s name at the top of the page and attach a reproduction of one of your favorite pieces of that artist’s work.

Study the work and jot down what you find most appealing about the work. Some questions to ask yourself might be:

  • How do you feel about the artist’s use of the Elements of Art: line, shape, color, value, texture?
  • Is the subject matter something that would interest you?
  • Is there a unique composition you might employ?

Repeat this process for each artist on a new page in your art sketchbook. Collect all of the elements that bubbled up in your analysis of your Artist Ancestors onto one page, and see which ones keep recurring and how you might try these ideas out in your own work. This will give you insight into your particular painting style and a direction for future work. Now, let’s have some fun.

Paint Like Your Artist Ancestor

This project is designed to give you a chance to try out the techniques of your favorite artist in your own work. For this demonstration, I painted in the style of Matisse, a master expressionist painter. I love his work and gravitate to many of the elements including the warm colors and loose brushstrokes.

Artist Ancestors | Art Inspiration | Acrylic Painting | Henri Matisse | Getty Images | Artists Network
Henri Matisse’s Nature Morte, Serviette A Carreaux. Photo courtesy of DOUG KANTER/AFP/Getty Images

For your project, choose a painting from one of your Artist Ancestors, define the elements of his or her work and then paint using that approach. You will learn a lot and will be able to consciously decide whether that approach will work for you.

Analyze the style of the painting you are using as your inspiration and record your thoughts in your sketchbook, similar to my example for this project:

  • Line: extensive use of black lines to outline and define objects as well as create lines of movement directing the eye to the focal point
  • Shape: expressive nonrealistic shapes of objects; shapes continue off the picture plane (table, drapery, window); combination of organic and geometric shapes
  • Color: expressive, nonrealistic colors; predominantly warm palette
  • Value: use of strong dark/light contrast
  • Texture: tactile texture; strong, vigorous, loose brushstrokes; visual texture through use of pattern
  • Other: mood is overall cheerful

What you will need to complete this tutorial:

  • High-quality acrylic paint
  • Canvas or panel, 11 by 14 inches (28 by 36 cm) or larger
  • A copy of your Artist Ancestor’s painting, and your notes about their style
  • Paintbrushes, synthetic or bristle; bright shape
  • ; ¼ inches, ½ inches, 1 inch (6 mm, 13 mm, 25 mm); plus a small round

1. Evaluating Your Artist’s Style

Select an Artist Ancestor who inspires you. What piece of work makes you swoon? I chose Henri Matisse’s painting Table with Fruit.

Assess his or her use of the five elements of painting: line, shape, color, value and texture. Then review the design principles emphasized by that artist and how these play a part in his or her work.

Henri Matisse Inspiration | Artist Ancestors | Art Inspiration | Acrylic Painting | Annie O'Brien Gonzales | Artists Network
Step 1

2. Choosing Your Color Palette

Create a color palette using your inspiration painting as a reference. Make sure to keep this reference close by.

Henri Matisse Inspiration | Artist Ancestors | Art Inspiration | Acrylic Painting | Annie O'Brien Gonzales | Artists Network
Step 2

3. Starting Your Sketch (or Underpainting)

You can decide to copy the composition of the inspiration painting or select your own subject matter to be painted in the color palette and style of your Artist Ancestor.

After studying Matisse’s work, I sketched my composition onto the canvas without an underpainting because I had noticed he sometimes let the white canvas show in places.

Henri Matisse Inspiration | Artist Ancestors | Art Inspiration | Acrylic Painting | Annie O'Brien Gonzales | Artists Network
Step 3

4. Determining Your Painting Style

For Matisse’s style, I chose to paint outlines of the subject matter with black paint and a small round brush.

Henri Matisse Inspiration | Artist Ancestors | Art Inspiration | Acrylic Painting | Annie O'Brien Gonzales | Artists Network
Step 4

5. Applying Color

Block in large color shapes.

Henri Matisse Inspiration | Artist Ancestors | Art Inspiration | Acrylic Painting | Annie O'Brien Gonzales | Artists Network
Step 5

6. Adding Variations

Describe the image by adding variations on color and thicker paint.

Henri Matisse Inspiration | Artist Ancestors | Art Inspiration | Acrylic Painting | Annie O'Brien Gonzales | Artists Network
Step 6

7. Working on the Details

Add smaller details to break up the large shapes using your Artist Ancestor’s painting as a reference point.

Henri Matisse Inspiration | Artist Ancestors | Art Inspiration | Acrylic Painting | Annie O'Brien Gonzales | Artists Network
Step 7

The Reveal

My finished painting reflects my study of the line quality and color used by Matisse, but I used my own imagery.

Henri Matisse Inspiration | Artist Ancestors | Art Inspiration | Acrylic Painting | Annie O'Brien Gonzales | Artists Network
Finished Art

Who are your Artist Ancestors? Share them with us in the comments below! And then be sure to join us on Artists Network TV, where the best of our contemporary “artist ancestors” are teaching us what they know!

One thought on “How to Find Your Artist Ancestors

  1. Karen S says:

    Wow, I just read this and feel inspired to try it. My inspiration artist is my Great Grandmother, Mary Wellborn Smart-McReynolds. She brought her paints to Oklahoma in a covered wagon during The Oklahoma Land Run of 1889. I have this one painting of hers on my den wall. Hopefully I can figure out how to post images. I’m working with my Smart phone. I set it as my facebook profile photo temporarily to make her painting accessable.

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