How to Paint Flowers in Oil | Cool Tones of Red Peonies
Whether painting still lifes, figures or landscapes, Candice Bohannon’s painting process is basically the same, although each painting requires adjustment. Fresh flowers can change significantly in appearance from one day to the next, so when painting flowers, she’ll sometimes work for a 16-hour stretch, using a more direct manner than she would for nonfloral still lifes or figures. “I try to capture each flower individually,” says Bohannon, “so that if it appears completely different the next day, I’ll not have lost it.”
Step 1: Controlling the Light and Toning the Canvas
A track of SoLux MR-16 natural daylight floodlights, set two feet back from her easel, gives Bohannon balanced light over her painting and ambient light on her palette. With her windows blacked out, she can paint day and night without changing light conditions. She tones her canvas with paint thinned with odorless mineral spirits. For this imprimatura layer, she often uses burnt sienna because of its rich warmth, but for the peonies she chose cadmium brown for a cooler color temperature. “What was unique about the peonies was that the reds and pinks were very cool,” says Bohannon. “They have blue undertones.”
Step 2: Broad Strokes
Working alla prima, she draws out her forms with the same thinned pigment used for toning. Keeping her strokes loose, she uses a large bristle brush for broad shapes as she establishes relationships of the larger forms. “This stage is very gestural,” says Bohannon. “A tight underdrawing would feel constricted to me.”
Step 3: Adding Value
Once she has a satisfactory underpainting, she works thin local color into the flowers, placing at least one area of her lightest lights and darkest darks to gain a sense of her value scale. From there she’s able to cover the entire canvas with a layer of color worked into the darks, midtones and lights.
Step 4: Refining Light and Dark
Detail comes with the slow refinement of lights and darks. She switches to a smaller brush to clean up her previous stroke placements and compositional angles. She squints to better see the values as opposed to color, thus identifying which areas to group with the lights and which to group with the darks.
Step 5: Creating Warm Shadows
Her warm shadows are transparent and not overly defined. “Sometimes my lines can be really off, but the shadows help reform line,” says Bohannon. Her petals are sculpted in the light. Thick applications of white paint define their ruffled edges. Touches of violet punch up the cool highlights.
Step 6: Finishing Touches
She works the illusion of texture into the wooden table. The painting’s darkest darks and highlights come last, with reflective highlights giving body to the glass. Here’s the finished painting, Spring Peonies II (oil, 15×18).
Meeting the Artist:
Candice Bohannon graduated from the Laguna College of Art and Design in Laguna Beach, California, with a bachelor of fine arts degree in painting and drawing and a minor in sculpture. She’s a two-time prizewinner in annual competitions held by International Artist and, in August 2009, was the top choice of the editor of Southwest Art for “up-and-coming talent.” In the same year, Bohannon’s work Dementia was a semifinalist in the Smithsonian National Portrait Gallery’s Outwin Boochever Portrait Competition. Bohannon, who lives in northern California with her artist husband, Julio Reyes, continues to garner awards and shows her work throughout the country. Visit her website at www.candicebohannon.com.
Bonus: Wanting to paint peonies in a different medium? Try this demonstration by Karen Anne Klein for painting flowers in watercolor and colored pencil.
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