The shoulder, or more accurately the shoulder girdle, is one of the most versatile tools an artist has in the figure drawing toolbox. The reason for this is the anatomical set up of the girdle. A semi-independent construction on top of the rib cage, it has only a few parts and not too many muscles, but the correct placement in a figure sketch gives a huge amount of expressive movement to the body with capabilities for numerous and rhythmic shape changes. The foreshortening and overlapping of forms provides a great resource of expression to any human figure drawing.
This video is from figure drawing instructor Robert Stollar, a self-taught sculptor with a passion for figure drawing. A passion and, of course, a necessity. He lives in Sydney, Australia with his beautiful wife and three dogs, working as a sculptor and teaching figure drawing.
For those who cannot attend his classes in person Robert has an online version of the lectures at Figure Drawing Online.